The human immunodeficiency virus or the HIV disease is one of the most hazardous disease of all times. The disease is generally caused due to unprotected sex with more than one partners or due to transfusion of the infected blood. The disease affects the immune system of the infected person and decreases the infection fighting capacity of the body. People usually have many medical questions regarding the HIV disease.
Following is a detailed information about different causes, symptoms, diagnosis methods and treatments for this disease:
Causes of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Disease: HIV is most commonly transmitted through unprotected sexual intercourse with more than one partners. However, following are some of the other common causes of human immunodeficiency virus disease: Blood transfusion is one of the other most common cause of this disease. Sharing of the syringes for medical use and the needles used while printing a tattoo is another way of getting infected by this disease.
The disease can also be transmitted from an infected mother to her child during pregnancy, delivery or breastfeeding.
The above mentioned are some of the most common causes of HIV disease transmission.
Symptoms of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Disease: A person suffering from HIV is more prone to other common diseases and infections. Following are some of the common symptoms of the human immunodeficiency virus disease: Frequent and prolonged fever Diarrhea Vaginal yeast infections Fatigue Swelling of the lymph glands Headache Mouth sores Muscle stiffness Seborrheic dermatitis Myalgia Genital ulcers
The person suffering from HIV disease also suffers from severe weight loss, nausea, vomiting, night sweats, joint pain, etc.
Diagnosis of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Disease: Following are some of the common test and examinations performed for the diagnosis of the HIV infection: Blood test Saliva test CD4 count Drug resistance test Laboratory test on the tissues from the urinary tract HIV enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) Western blot test Immunofluorescence assay (IFA) test The above tests and examinations help in the accurate diagnosis of the .
Treatments for the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Disease: The human immunodeficiency virus disease is generally treated by the help of various drugs and medications. Following is the list of some of the drugs that help during the treatment of the HIV disease: Non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors Nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors Protease inhibitors Entry or fusion inhibitors Integrase inhibitors
Treatments for other medical problems occurred due to HIV along with the physical and emotional therapies also help in controlling the disorder.
HIV disease can cause several medical complications and cannot be completely recovered but can only be controlled with adequate medications. Thus, one must take proper precautions to avoid this and prevent various medical emergencies.